Two recent research studies contribute to the growing body of evidence that the population of microbes residing in our intestines plays vital roles in our health. One is a meta-analysis of studies done to determine if taking probiotics alongside antibiotics can alleviate antibiotic associated diarrhea; results are reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association . The other evaluated the effects of red wine on the different species of bacteria in the gut; it appears in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition .
Biomarker Bulletin is an occasionally recurring update of news focused on biomarkers aggregated at BiomarkerCommons.org. Biomarkers are physical, functional or biochemical indicators of normal physiological or disease processes. The individualization of disease management — personalized medicine — is dependent on developing biomarkers that promote specific clinical domains, including early detection, risk, diagnosis, prognosis and predicted response to therapy.
- Sedentary Time Negatively Associated with Cardio-metabolic and Inflammatory Biomarkers.
Taking many breaks from muscular inactivity, even just 1-minute breaks, appears to lower levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and may result in a smaller waist circumferences. That’s the result of a recent study in the European Heart Journal, which evaluated sedentary time and breaks in sedentary time with continuous cardio-metabolic and inflammatory risk biomarkers.
- Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center Researchers Identify Biomarkers of Poor Outcomes in Preterm Infants
Researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center have identified biomarkers of poor outcomes in preterm infants that may help identify new approaches to prevention. The study investigated a polymorphism in a gene important for the immune system. Scientists found that the polymorphism raises the risk of bad outcomes in preterm infants, including death, necrotizing enterocolitis (death of intestinal tissue), and gram negative sepsis, an overwhelming infection.
- Over-expression of Repetitive, Non-protein Coding DNA Common in Tumor Cells
Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Cancer Center have discovered massive over-expression of certain non-protein coding DNA sequences in common tumor cells. The DNA sequences, called satellite repeats, have not been previously thought to have a role in cancer. The study appears in the journal Science.
- Elevated Levels of Cardiac Biomarkers Post-coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Associated with Increased Risk of Death
According to a recent JAMA study, patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery and had elevated levels of the cardiac enzymes creatine kinase or troponin in the 24 hours following surgery had an associated intermediate and long-term increased risk of death.
- Cysteine is a Potential Biomarker for Sleep Apnea
A new study in the journal Chest concludes that the amino acid cysteine may be a biomarker for the development of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The plasma biomarker was found to be elevated in patients with OSA, independent of obesity status.
According to a study in the February 15 edition of the Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, abnormal heart rate turbulence is associated with an increased risk of heart disease death in otherwise older, low-risk individuals . Additional studies need to be done in order to understand whether this potential biomarker will be a clinically valuable tool.